Are Men or Women More Likely to Have Plastic Surgery?
The survey conducted by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) shows an increase in the number of Americans approving of cosmetic surgery (56%) and likely to consider having it themselves (30%) (“Survey Finds”). The number of men approving of invasive procedures and undergoing them has increased. Moreover, 69% of all men would not be embarrassed to confess having cosmetic surgery (“Survey Finds”). Nevertheless, these are still women who are more likely to have plastic surgery.
Numerous surveys and statistics prove that women get substantially more plastic surgeries than men. Statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons demonstrates that though men are getting more plastic procedures than they used to, these are women who undergo 91% of all cosmetic procedures (Brown). The earlier mentioned survey of the ASAPS states that 40% of women, compared to 18% of men, would consider having cosmetic surgery (“Survey Finds”).
More recent survey of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons shows similar results: though the number of cosmetic procedure delivered to men in 2013 raised on 16 %, men account only for 9.5% of all cosmetic procedures (Sedghi). Breast augmentation is the most popular surgical procedure carried out to women. Moreover, the number of cosmetic surgeries of this type increases from year to year, demonstrating 13% increase in popularity yearly (Sedghi). The second most popular cosmetic procedure is blepharoplasty (eyelid ops). Face or neck lifts are in the third place.Maria Lavo, a Norwegian scientist examining women’s desire to improve their appearance, suggests that since plastic surgery is much more widely accepted now, women can be easily tempted to undergo it. She states that increasing perfectionism and strong focus on appearance develop unrealistic body ideals and make women preoccupied with their bodies (Ovreberg).
Having examined young American women’s interest in obtaining cosmetic surgery, the scientists stress that women are easily influenced by sociocultural messages presented in the media and direct feedbacks (compliments or teasing), which stress to them the importance of their body appearance. It has been found that desire to have cosmetic surgery is influenced by four major factors: body dissatisfaction, physical appearance, being teased, and media influence. The main factor affecting the interest in obtaining cosmetic surgery is body dissatisfaction. (C. Markey and P. Markey 164).
Though another study, performed by Brown et al., found that media exposure did not affect the likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery, it considers it plausible, that now it can be not mere message about cosmetic surgery that should be accounted for, but already an internalization of it (506). They also found women are more likely to undergo plastic surgery, and the likelihood of having cosmetic surgery for women is increased by vicarious experience. Namely, the study demonstrates that the more people who have undergone cosmetic surgery women know, the more likely they are to consider undergoing it themselves. Men, on the contrary, become less likely to consider having a cosmetic procedure the more people who have undergone …