The Freedom of Americans
Americans achieved freedom when they passed through many events such as the progress of radical reconstruction in the 1870s, signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 and freedom in the Gilded Age, as a result, this freedom changed American's life.
For many years Americans struggled for their rights and freedom and the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what would be the next step in the US history, a challenge that would end only after many years.
From this war, the US went out united and powerful nation with a strong federal government on the one hand and on the other hand a nation that infringed freedom and rights of former slaves. Just after the end of the Civil War, the US has entered the phase of the reconstruction. It was a tough period for those people who have just got their freedom. Reconstruction ended the age of slavery and former slaves got civil rights, but their political influence after the war was weak, and eventually, they became second-class citizens. Even three Constitutional amendments could change the fact that the Southerners didn’t want to accept African-Americans as the full citizens with the same rights to vote, hold political offices, become judges and police chiefs. Also in the South, appeared a lot of legal and illegal political parties and groups, the most terrible and well-known of them is the Ku Klux Klan, that provoked many interracial conflicts. Their supporters believed that such organizations came to calm African-Americans, to ensure the safety of life and property, protect women, and African-Americans - work better, forcing the worst leaders of the radicals to leave the region and returned the white sense of its political supremacy. But in fact, they just kill people in the most terrible way.
A racial segregation has become a normal fact of life in America in the South that was legitimized by special acts similar to the former black codes, called Jim Crow laws. They limited the rights of the black minority, the Indians as well, who refused deportation to Oklahoma and decided to stay and live under the jurisdiction of the US government in the south-eastern states. These laws were adopted by Southerners in opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1875. It protected all Americans, regardless of race, in their access to public accommodations and facilities such as restaurants, theaters, trains and other public transportation, and protected the right to serve on juries. But despite this fact, the rights of African-Americans began to be observed only from the middle of 20th century.After the period of reconstruction began the era of the Gilded Age. There were no significant changes in the rights of African-Americans. But the rapid development of the economy contributed to the emergence of new types of rights - the right to decent pay and working conditions. The first trade unions were organized. The main method to achieve the goals was massive strikes (Great Railway strike of 1877) and rallies …