CAPTIVE BREEDING AND HUSBANDRY GUIDELINES
Animal husbandry entails the process of breeding animals in environments controlled by humans. The humans will take care of the animals and control their breeding so that they may come up with their desired genetic qualities (Webster 2013, p. 50). Animal husbandry also presents us with an opportunity to research and learn the breeding behaviour of animals as well as preventing the extinction of endangered species (Kane et al. 2013, para2). Additionally, captive breeding occurs where humans breed animals in zoo-housed environments. This is mostly done to control the species of the off-springs (Mills 2008, p. 80). This research paper is aimed at giving guidelines on how one can create captive breeding specifically for African Elephants (Loxodonta Africana) that is supported by both in-situ and ex-situ conservation initiatives. In this study, the current state of knowledge about African elephant’s behaviour is analysed, and guidelines for an optimal environment are outlined.Why practice captive breeding?
One of the main reasons as to why we practice captive breeding of African Elephants, is to conserve the threatened species and later re-introduce them as a “last resort” strategy (Van 2008, p. 195). However, these days some people have turned zoos into farms and entertainment parks and this do not contribute to conservation. In addition, many zoos do not conform to the set international standards, and this acts as a drawback to conservation strategies (Fowler & Mikota 2008, p. 20-21; Turner 2010, p. 248).The key causes of species decline are the destruction of their natural habitat and having hold of captives will not solve the menace of their habitat destruction, so more still needs to be done. Therefore, captive breeding in situ will not always guarantee a resumed population of endangered species (Norrgren et al. 2012, p. 31; Berg et al. 2014, p. 1236).However, if we reintroduce species into the wild from controlled environments; they may be affected by the social disruption, the spread of diseases and foreign genes that were introduced into them. This could even lead to their death. In this way, we will not have contributed to their conservation; captive breeding has to be done with caution and expertise (Seddon 2007, p. 303- 312).
However, some zoos may help in securing the future of endangered species and are involved in breeding and reintroduction programs. Some zoos also donate funds and specialists to go to the field and help in conservation of wild living species. For educational purposes, some are open to the public and help in educating the public about activities that will support actions for the conservation of wildlife (Santiapillai & Jackso 2013, p. 1123). Captive Breeding and HusbandryIn-situ conservation measures involve the conservation of animal species in their natural environments. This also involves the conservation of the areas where these animals live. Ex-situ conservation measures refer to the conservation of animal species outside their natural habitats. This measure calls for conservation of genetic resources as well as coming up with new …