Comparative Politics essay sample
Professor NameSubjectDateComparative Politics Ukraine: a general outline Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe, which used to be, before 1991, one of the republics of the Soviet Union. It borders Russia and Belarus in the east, northeast, and northwest, Slovakia and Poland on its western side, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, with the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov bounding its territory on the south and southeast. Its geographic position is strategically important for European countries, as the country lies between the European Union (EU) member countries, Russia and Belarus, with Russian and Belorussian ambiguous trends of foreign policies. Ukraine has been inhabited since prehistoric time. In the Medieval period, a powerful state of Kievan Rus’ emerged around its present-day capital, Kiev. Later, the land was devastated and divided between different states. The Russian empire exercised the longest period of control over most of the country’s territory, with an exception of its western part. However, for many years the people of Ukraine preserved their language, culture, and national identity as an Eastern Slavic nation, even having been unable to live in their own state, with their government and official national institutions. Ukraine became independent on 24 August 1991, alongside with Russia and Belorussia, which was one of the main causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Today, it is involved in the ongoing conflict with Russia, which annexed part of its territory, the Crimean peninsula, in March 2014, and is believed to support separatists fighting against the central government in the eastern part of Ukraine, in Donetsk and Lugansk regions. National identity and political issues Ukraine and Ukrainians are a very interesting example of the role of national identity in the modern world, its politics, balance of power, and other issues, which are important not only for this country but also for the region and the entire continents. Peace and security in Ukraine mean that Europe is a safer place, without local wars of conflicts going on within the limits of its territory and the hazards of spreading to its other parts. The world community declined to recognize the legitimacy of the annexation of the Crimea by Russia. However, it had little effect on Vladimir Putin, President of Russia, and Russia’s government or parliament. The war conflict in the eastern area of Donbas has been going on for more than a year now. It can be hardly resolved in the near future by the parties directly involved in the conflict. The Western countries, primarily Germany and France, tried to mediate; however, their role is ambiguous as they depend on the oil supplied by Russia and have other economic and business interests in this country. Some political experts believe that “the reaction of the West is the key external factor in defining potential trajectories of the conflict” (Ukraine: Current Situation and Future Prospects-Event Summary). However, offering a proper Western strategy and implementing it, with the purpose of achieving the balance, which would resolve …
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