Economic Transition in Germany essay sample

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Economic Transition in Germany

The demographic transition of a country shows the population change from time to time. It studies how death ratio and birth rate affect the economy of a country. The total population may be low but at the same time occurs a point of balance between death ratio and the birth ratio. In Germany, this was experienced when the rate of growth of the economy is growing due to both increase in birth rate and death ratio. The size of the population affects the productivity of all sectors in a country. When there is, the increase in total population people moves from rural areas to urban areas. Also, due to this increment many people focus on farming and agriculture. When people move to urban areas, there is increased human capital. Industrialization starts to grow rapidly due to increase in labor. This leads to an increase in output from various sectors of the economy leading to global influence in Germany.

Demographic transition in Germany

The national statistics of Germany are carried mainly by the Federal Statistics Offices of the Germany (FSOG). According to this national body, the first census was done after reunification was s approximately 80,219,695 which was carried out on May 2011 (In Wren, 2013). It was among that country with high population rated as number sixteen worldwide. Low growth in the economy characterized the Germany demographic transition. The country fertility rate was 1.4 in 2010 which was rated very high since 1990 but in 2011 fertility rate was at an optimal point of 1.6. A lot of women contributed in giving birth making it rise to this point.

The United Nations list Germany number three country globally that holds international immigrates each year. Around more than 16 million people in Germany are foreigners. They included first and second generation from all over the world (Mertes, Muller, & Winkler, 2008). The biggest ethnic group in germane who were residents are Turkish. From 1990, West Germany has been attracting more foreigners from the South and Eastern Europe most of them being young generation. Germany has been a prime destination for many refugees from all over the world especially the developing countries.

In Germany, there exist many learning institutions that transform young generation to prominent and useful people in society. Germany is experiencing growth and development in terms of technology (Hinrichs, Roche, & Sirianni, 2009). This modern technology has led to increasing the level of the output in industries making the rate of the economy rise. Technical schools in Germany are among the best in the world. The average per capita income of the people living in Germany is approximate $41,370 in 2012. With the reflection of this per capita income, Germany is categorized as a middle-class society. The growth of institutions in Germany is unique in transition because, the country inherited the advanced set of industrialization from the developing countries. It also employed the experienced administrator to control these organizations (Gehrig, 2010). Among these sectors where there was drastic change …

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