Text PreviewEmergency Programs in the USName:Institution:Emergency Programs in the USThe management of emergencies is a priority in developed nations such as the United States. Consequently, programs such as the EMAC, NDMS, and the ESAR-VHP have been developed to manage emergencies. The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) was formed in 1995 after the states recognized the need to cooperate in times of disasters. Its formation followed Hurricane Andrew. According to Peterson (2006), EMAC constitutes of mutual aid partnership among states. This organization ensures that states corporate in times of disasters. The National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) started in 1980 following the desire to merge several emergency services (Peterson, 2006). The body provides emergency services, medical personnel, and equipment in the event of a disaster. On the other hand, the Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals (ESAR-VHP) is the youngest of these organizations after its formation in the year 2002 (Rubin, 2012). This body provides professional with a chance to offer emergency services after they register. The three programs have been useful in times of disasters in the past. An example of these is Hurricane Katrina where the NDMS was especially useful (Fagel, 2011). Additionally, EMAC and the ESAR-VHP were important in deploying the necessary personnel and resources to the affected areas. Yet another example of the disaster that these programs helped manage is the September 11 terrorism attack. These bodies were also crucial in the management of the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. However, several legal and regulatory issues should have been managed at the time they occurred. The states involved should have allowed compensation for the victims of these disasters. In addition, the volunteers under ESAR-VHP should have been equipped better. Despite the existence of these bodies during the time of disasters, their funding was not commensurate with the complexity of the functions that they were to serve. Additionally, the human resource dedicated to their operation was insignificant. ReferencesFagel, M. (2011). Principles of emergency management and emergency operations centers (EOC). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Peterson, C. (2006). Be Safe, Be Prepared: Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals in Disaster Response, OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. 11(3), Manuscript 2.Rubin, C. (2012). Emergency management the American experience, 1900-2010 (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC …
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