History of Industrialization
The history of industrial revolution can be traced in both the 18th and 19th century, which is the period when the European society was predominantly rural and agrarian and at the same time, America became urban, and industrialization was developing. Industrialization took place in the late 1700’s in Europe when people were manufacturing products in their homes using some basic machines and hand tools. However, industrialization brought a huge change where manufacturing took place in factories and production increased; in addition, powered and specialized machines were introduced into the market. The initial industries dealt with the processing of textiles and iron, and the steam engines were used as the source of power.
The few industries resulted to improved banking, transport, and communication industries. Industrialization increased the general production, and that resulted in an increase in employment opportunity for people as the demand for factory workers rose. The employment opportunities created in the factories helped in boosting production and the general welfare of the workers through improved living standards for the factory workers.Britain the birthplace of Industrialization revolutionBefore industrialization, the people in Britain were living in small groups in rural areas where they relied on farming as their source of food and income. The people of these communities were poor due to the meager income, diseases outbreak, and malnourishment. Production of goods took place at homes where people made their clothing, tools, furniture, and food. Some of the factors that resulted in industrialization in Britain include the presence of iron and coal, which played a major role in the revolution of industrialization. In addition, the people in the country enjoyed a stable politics, and the country was a leading power during colonialism. The country took advantage of its colonies where it would get raw materials at low prices, and the colonies were also a marketplace for the manufactured goods. The demand for the goods produced in Britain grew, and the merchants had to find ways in which they would cut the costs of production to maximize the profits earned. As a result, the mechanization system and factories evolved.
Innovation and Industrialization.
Several industries were revolutionized by industrialization, for example, the textile industry. Before the mechanization system and factories came into place, people made their textiles at home, and this was commonly known as a cottage industry. In several cases, the merchant was required to provide all the raw materials that would be used to process the textiles and later pick the finished product. The industry was then inefficient since the workers were following their schedules and the merchants did not have any ability to regulate them. When industrial revolution commenced, some innovations that took place increased the levels of production with less human power in use. In 1764 for instance, James Hargreaves invented a machine known as spinning jenny with the word Jenny referring to an engine. The machine enabled people to produce several thread spools at a time. By the time James was …