Health Information Technology Project
AbouZahr & Boerma (2005) note that, public health decision-making depends on timely availability of sound data. The latter is achieved with the help of health information systems whose objective is to generate, analyze, and disseminate such data (AbouZahr & Boerma, 2005).
These days, information systems have become an essential public health tool (Studnicki et al., 2008). Studnicki et al (2008) attribute it to three fundamental sources. The first source is the expanding breadth of data that is available from a range of public and private resources. The second source involves advances in information technology. The third source is the recognition of the role that information plays in public health decision making (Studnicki et al., 2008).
The mentioned sources have resulted in the emergence of various health information systems, “integrated effort to collect, process, report and use health information and knowledge to influence policy-making, programme action and research” (Lippeveld, 2001, pp. 14-16). Health care institutions are thus given the opportunity to choose the information system that coincides with their strategic vision, complies with available resources, and most effective to achieve performance objectives.The veracity of this assertion is tested in the context of Epic, a company specializing in the manufacture of software for mid-size and large medical groups, hospitals, and integrated healthcare organizations (Epic Systems Corporation, 2015). While examining Epic in acute care settings, the report concludes about the attributes of an effective health information system. It also identifies resources required for the successful integration of the system into specific health care settings. Additionally, the report considers Epic in terms of evidence-based practices, and concludes with a discussion of innovations that would promote its efficiency in Memorial acute care hospital.
Epic Overview In acute care hospital, Epic is used as a clinical system whose objective is to ensure accurate storage and timely provision of patient data. The implementation of Epic was not accidental, and the hospital followed three main criteria when selecting it. The first criterion was the goodwill of the company manufacturing information systems. The Epic company has been in business since 1979, and it formally adopts the Electronic Health Record (EHR) Association’s Developer Code of Conduct (Epic Systems Corporation, 2015). The company is well-known for adhering to important ethical principles of responsible development, patient safety, billing accuracy, privacy and security, and patient engagement (Epic Systems Corporation, 2015). The second criterion was rich professional experience incorporated in the system. Epic has been designed by a wide range of professionals, including process experts, clinicians, and developers. The system is regarded as a product of cooperation between individuals experienced in patient care and those proficient in healthcare technology (Epic Systems Corporation, 2015).The last, but not the least important, criterion was system use. Ease of use is an important attribute of an effective information system (AbouZahr & Boerma, 2005; Peleg, 2011).
Over the years, the hospital has tried a number of information systems. However, most of them were difficult to manage. The distinctive feature of Epic is that the software is “quick to …