Healthy Eating and Exercising to Reduce Diabetes
Diabetes is said to affect about 24 million people, which makes up 8% of the U.S. entire population. 57 million additional people have pre-diabetes. Among the leading causes of death in the United States, Diabetes is the seventh leading cause, contributing to a total of 233,619 deaths in 2005(Naydeck et al., 2008). About more than one-third of the total population of the people with diabetes may be undiagnosed. Two types of diabetes exist, type 2 and the type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is frequently diagnosed in children or young adults; it can occur in older people as well in some cases. The development of Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system of the body destroys cells in the pancreas. The type 2 diabetes in average accounts for about 90% of all the diagnosed cases of diabetes. The pancreas continues secreting insulin, but the body cannot use insulin properly; the condition of the type 2 Diabetes is called insulin resistance. During the increase in the need for insulin, the pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin. Obesity associated with this type of diabetes the type 2 of diabetes is associated with obesity, history of diabetes among families, old age, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and the race (Naydeck et al., 2008).
A program for health promotion program will be designed for the group of people that have the Type 2 Diabetes associated with obesity. The group of people will be sampled from ten states, consisting sample sizes of five individuals from each state who are obese and with Diabetes type2.
Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
There are numerous risk factors for type 2 diabetes. However, the most apparent predictor of type 2 diabetes is usually the overweight or obesity that most of the victims indicate. About 90% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. The individuals that are obese have added pressure on the ability of their bodies to use insulin to control blood sugar levels adequately; therefore such people are more likely to develop diabetes. There is a constant and progressive increase in the number of people with diabetes in the United States, a factor mostly attributed to the growing prevalence of obesity (Naydeck et al., 2008). The group of people that will be chosen therefore face a problem type 2 Diabetes, which could lead to their death due to their condition of overweight or obesity. The focus of the study will be placed in the obese group of individuals, who have Diabetes, coming up with a health program that will be proposed to solve the case.
The Plan of Health Promotion program and Evaluation
The plan to be used will mostly be based on the Community-based health promotion, which represents a conceptual framework that emphasizes on the primary prevention methods and a specific population-based perspective. The community-based prevention programs are normally integrated and comprehensive; such programs are not limited to specific medical care setting and involve community leaders, mass communication campaigns, social networks …