Effective Problem Solving
The life of modern people is arranged in such a way that it is impossible to avoid stressful situations and the need to solve problems constantly. In most cases such minor decisions are taken automatically. But when it comes to solving such problems the results of which can dramatically change the lives, many people experience difficulties in decision making.
Effective problem-solving requires simultaneous focusing on both general traits of the problem and the specific details of their solution. In such situation the existence of effective problem solving strategies would make humans’ life much easier. So in this paper it will be analyzed which of two strategies, simple and cheap fixes or deep analysis of every aspect of the problem, is more effective. In fact, the first attempt to decide which of the approaches to problem solving is better was made several hundred years ago. Thus, there were created such scientific methods as holism and reductionism. Holists believed that everything in the world is interconnected, and thus it is necessary to make a deep analysis of any issue before making a decision what is the best way to solve the problem.
So, according to this strategy, if a person has problems with skin on legs, before trying to solve it one should consider every cause which led to such consequence. It means that it is necessary to analyze the one’s skin structure, the crisis in the footwear industry, the impact of wearing shoes more than 12 hours per day and the laws of gravity.From the perspective of reductionists, it is not necessary devote a lot of attention to the fact that everything in this world is interconnected. Reductionists believe that it is necessary to solve the specific issue at the specific time, cutting off all unnecessary general. Such idea is supported by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner in the fourth chapter of their “Superfreakonomics”, even though they don’t name their approach as “reductionism”. Still, they agree that all you are required to do in order to solve a problem is to make everything complicated be as simple as possible. And thus it would be easier to solve any problem.Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner provide the reader with lots of examples of how simplest fixes save human lives.
For instance, it is much easier to use vaccines in order to prevent spreading of diseases than invent procedures aimed to deal with consequences of those diseases.
Or another example: in car engineering instead of protecting human’s head from being hit when he was flung during the accident, it’s much cheaper and easier to protect person from being flung at all. Sure, some problems (such as nature disasters) seem to have no solutions at all, but I’m sure it is necessary to broaden our perception and one day the solution will be found.
Meanwhile, while analyzing human’s daily habits, it may …