Intermodal transportation and the military
In recent years, transport, possessing huge strategic resource, performs a basic function in the main stream processes. Today the task of increasing traffic volumes, increasing the economic efficiency of numerous domestic cargo and passenger carriers and freight forwarders is more than ever urgent. One can achieve a qualitative "jump" in the transport sector only through the use of new technologies to ensure the transport process, meeting modern requirements and the highest international standards, in particular by expanding the development of the logistics thinking and the principles of logistics.
After all, at its core transport logistics as a new methodology for optimizing and organizing rational cargo flows and processing in the specialized logistics centers allows to provide efficiency of such flows, reduce costs, and transport workers. In recent years intermodal (mixed) transportation became increasingly popular. Intermodal freight is a kind transporting goods in containers or vehicles using different modes of transport, such as rail, sea, road transport. While some freight movements may use, and justify the use of, a number of different transport modes, such as road, rail or inland waterway or either short- or deep-sea shipping, thus making them multimodal operations, in the majority of instances efficient movements are invariably achieved by the use of just two modes: most commonly road haulage collection and final delivery journeys combined with a rail-freight trunk-haul journey, what is known as a combined road-rail operation (Lowe, 2005). How But when changing modes of transport cargo handling is not performed. This method allows increasing the transport safety, to reduce losses and the time of shipment.
Reducing the cost of cargo transportation is a key advantage in the use of intermodal transport on the inland routes. An additional advantage is provided by the ability to use road transport for short distances. History of intermodal transport started in the 18th century with railroads building. There was a documentary note of the use of containers for the carriage of coal in the UK Bridgewater Canal in the 1780s. Coal was transported in containers, also sometimes called “free drawers” or “tubs”. The innovation was first used for the carriage of animal-powered transport, and later for the rail transport.In the 1830s, containers for coal transporting were used in the railway route between Liverpool and Manchester. In 1841 containers made of iron were firstly used. At the beginning of the 20th century the first closed containers were invented.
They were mostly used for transporting furniture and applied on intermodal transport on road and rail transport. However, the lack of universal standards for the production of containers did not allowed to develop such kind of transport. The first standard containers were adopted in 1920 in the UK. By modern standards, the containers were small and had a size of 1.5 or 3 meters. They were built mostly of wood and had a curved roof that did not allow their stacking.The explosive growth of container traffic was marked with the adoption of standards for the …