History of Slavery and Its Impact on Contemporary Society
The slavery was abolished in the United States and other countries such as for example, Latin America countries at the second half of the nineteenth century. The centuries long history of slavery made it an interconnected part of political system, society and economics, on which the abolition of slavery had the long-lasting effects. However, the amendments to the Constitution cannot change the social behavioral patterns and opinion immediately, which makes it possible to assume that the impact of the slavery-based system can be seen even in the contemporary society especially in reference to impact, education and social inequality.
O'Connell, H. A. (2012). The impact of slavery on racial inequality in poverty in the contemporary US south. Social Forces, 90(3), 713-734.
O’Connel has completed PhD degree in sociology and focuses in her research on the issues of racial disparities and poverty. In her article, the author dwells upon the impact of slavery on racial inequality and poverty in the American South. The author pertains to the position that the history of slavery is responsible for “shaping existing U.S. racial inequality patterns” (p.713). The key argument supporting the thesis is the relation found between slave concentration in 1860 and contemporary racial income inequality. I believe that the ideas and phenomena outlined in the article should be further researched especially with reference to the possible reasons behind the phenomenon. At the same time I disagree with O’Connel’s claim that the relation is independent from social, economic or demographic conditions as the issue of income inequality is vital also for some non southern states. I believe that the allocation of population as well as economic perspectives of the state as the key factors of financial inequality need to be encountered.
Nunn, N. & Wantchekon, L. (2011). The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa. American Economic Review, American Economic Association, 101(7), 3221-52.
Nunn and Wantchekon investigte the long-term effect of the slave trade on the ability to trust expressed by African population. The scholars have completed PhD level and are affiliated to Harvard and Princeton universities. In the article, the authors assume that the African population, whose ancestors suffered from the severe slave trade, display “less trust in neighbors, relatives, and their local government”(p.3221). The authors claim that the long-term impact of slave trade factors is internal to the individual and encompasses cultural norms and values. The issue raised in the article is important for further understanding of the tensions and conflicts emerging on the racial basis and might be used for the research purpose to investigate long-term effect of the slavery history on people’s psychology and interpersonal relationships. The arguments expressed by the authors appear logical and are supported by the findings from the falsification tests. In general I agree with the authors’ thesis, however, I think that the direct relation on the individual might be difficult to define as more than 4-5 …