Leadership Learning Initiative
Learning Initiative Teen pregnancy has become an urgent issue. According to CDC (2014), 272.105 babies were born to women aged 15-19 years in the year 2013. Early pregnancy and childbirth have negative health, social, and economic consequences for teenage parents and their children (HHS, 2015). As a nursing leader, I can address the problem of teenage pregnancy through public outreach, launching and promoting support groups.This Leadership Learning Initiative paper is designed to draw public attention to the problem of teen pregnancy and suggest ways to solve it.
The paper is divided into three sections. The first section provides information on the discussed problem and proposes solutions to it. The second section explains the role of a nurse leader in addressing the discussed problem. The third section contains Professional Verification Form.Proposal Teen pregnancy is an urgent problem in American society. This conclusion was drawn from the study of the CDC (2014) statistics, findings suggested by Youth.gov and Southeastern Idaho Public Health (2015), and personal nursing experience. The CDC (2014) statistics suggests that despite the tendency to decrease, the rates of teenage pregnancy in the country are still very high. In the year 2013, 272.105 babies were born to women aged 15-19 years (CDC, 2014). Early pregnancy and childbirth have multiple adverse effects. Children born to teen mothers are at increased risk of low birth weight, mortality, and chronic medical conditions (http://youth.gov/). In addition to the mentioned effects, teenage mothers and children born to them are exposed to social and economic risks. The sons of teen mothers are 2.7 times more likely to end up in prison (Idaho Public Health, 2015). The daughters of teen mothers are 22% more likely to become teenage mothers themselves (Idaho Public Health, 2015). Around 50% of teenage mothers aged 15-17 are likely to drop out of high school (Idaho Public Health, 2015), and only 30% of them will get General Education Development Certificate (Youth.gov). The low level of education results in 80% of teenage mothers ending up living in poverty or on welfare (Idaho Public Health, 2015).
Nursing leaders can address the problem of teenage pregnancy through identifying and responding to its risk factors. Experts at Southeastern Idaho Public Health (2015) suggest four groups of risk-factors – family, peers, community, and individual. Very often, teenage pregnancy is an aggregate result of these factors. Teenagers coming from poor families or families with inadequate interactions have low self-esteem, which makes them dependent on other people’s opinions. The dependence may result in pernicious habits, including alcohol and drug abuse, and promiscuity. These and relevant risk-factors suggest that the majority of pregnant teens need expert advice and support.
Taking into consideration risk factors, a number of strategies to address teen pregnancy can be proposed. Firstly, it is important to emphasize population-focused prevention. Teens become pregnant due to their sexual illiteracy. It is important that teens receive proper sex education through talks with nursing experts, free access to information materials, and anonymous counseling. Secondly, it is necessary to organize support …