I Have a Dream
A famous American human rights activist and a brilliant orator, Nobel Peace Prize winner Martin Luther King was born on the 15th of January, 1929. All his short life he fought for the rights of the blacks, participated in the campaign against poverty and the Vietnam War, advocating non-violent methods of struggle against the system. “Black Americans harnessed publicity to convince other Americans how unequal their lives were. Martin Luther King, Jr. concluded that it would be most effective to target businesses because they were vulnerable to consumer pressure” (Russell & Lamme, 63).
Inspired by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, he called for peaceful means to achieve equality. Although King's death (he was killed by a sniper April 4, 1968 on the balcony of a motel in Memphis) had shaken the faith of his supporters in the effectiveness of non-violent resistance. The principles of Martin Luther King formed the basis of American democratic dreams. Martin Luther King is one of the most outstanding personalities of American history. There is even Martin Luther King’s Day, that is celebrated all over the country on the third Monday in January. This is a national holiday and a state holiday.
In August, 1963 King delivered his famous speech in Washington on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, in which he expressed his belief in the brotherhood of all men, and that was a magnificent example of oratory. His speech was dedicated to working places and freedom. It was the most critical period of the American Civil Rights Movement since 1955 up to 1968. This discourse is one of the best addresses in history and has been perceived as the best speech in the XX century among American orators. “Students are exposed to only the typical master narratives of King and other individuals, they are deprived of a conceptual lens that would help them better comprehend the world around them” (Anderson, 112).
Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream” is often compared to the historical speeches of US presidents, as the speech of President Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg during the Civil War, and Franklin Roosevelt's" Do not fear anything, except fear itself ", delivered during the Great Depression, and John F. Kennedy's inaugural address, in which he said that people should not ask what the country could do for them, but what they could do for the country.Special attention is paid to the fact that in the second half of his speech, Martin Luther King, went completely away from what was written in advance of the text. It was sheer improvisation. Another peculiarity of the speech King - an abundance of metaphors, the use of unexpected words, comparisons, ideas which give birth to vivid, unforgettable images. For example, light and darkness, day and night are often compared there. Often, there are also images of mountains, valleys and water. King's entire speech can be called a metaphor deployed. “High school history textbooks frame King’s life through “three master narratives: King as a messiah, King …