Nowadays, there is a problem of effective response, which depends on the elected members for providing and controlling response at all levels. The current paper will discuss the evolution and differences between the Federal Response Plan and the National Response Plan. It will describe how NIMS and the ICS are included in this comparison.
Management and control are particularly important when terrorist incidents (or its threats) take place. A number of agencies are involved in the response to it, the elimination of its consequences and criminal investigation into his commission. In the US in the initial response thee is integrated a Incident Command System (ICS). In incidents that involve or participation of many agencies, or multilateral jurisdiction that is certainly true in the case of terrorist attacks, there is used the concept of Unified Command, and then ICS is an effective system for management and control events in 50 US states.
The Federal Response Plan (1992) organized a cooperation of few organizations to help States in responding to natural disasters. The National Response Plan (2004) was the US national plan to respond in different emergency situations such as natural disasters or terrorist attacks. However, it was replaced by the National Response Framework 22 March 2008. The NRP replaced the FRP. It is based on the NIMS, to improve the single common danger, multidisciplinary issue for the federal response to domestic incident management. The NRP has opened up new possibilities in integrating all levels of government in the total incident management. It includes incidents coordinating role for Federal agencies. It defines several new laws and presidential directives (U. S. Department of Homeland Security, 2008).
Finally, the current paper has discussed the evolution and differences between the Federal Response Plan and the National Response Plan. It has described how NIMS and the ICS are included in this comparison. The effectiveness of response depends on the performers and managers, who should be ready for responding, developing partnerships and achieving common goals.