Psychology - Chapters Summary essay sample

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Chapters Summary

Learning in groups can be different from learning as an individual. Even such simple animal as sea slugs learns differently when are among other sea slugs. As for humans, researchers from Stanford claim that, regardless of the subject matter, that small groups is a much more effective format of organization comparing to traditional lectures as students learn more and are capable to retain it for longer.

Chapter 7: Mnemonics -

Mnemonics is a group of methods designed to improve memory by linking the needed material to some information that is easier to retrieve than the actual material. There are many mnemonic techniques such as: simple and double keyword method, reconstructive elaborations, pegword method, “mental walk” or loci method and many others.

Chapter 8: Social intelligence -

There are different areas of life and intelligence is not only about education-related skills. Social skills should also be included here as they are the major factor of life success in many professions and activities. A, for instance, top-manager can be hired for hi exceptional skills, knowledge and self-discipline but later fired for the lack of social skills which were the cause of low effectiveness in his department.

Chapter 9: Cognition in late adulthood -

Certain types of intelligence change in different way with age. Crystallized intelligence tends to change in a less noticeable way than the fluid intelligence. It should be remembered when working in areas which require fast and creative thinking as candidates must be chosen and replaced carefully if one wants to save the productivity.

Chapter 10: Personality inventories -

Personality inventories are objective tests which operate with numbered scales and give us the opportunity to evaluate objectively the features and personal qualities of a person which can be very useful in the process of professional selection.

Chapter 11: First impression -

First impression is often a false one and any businessman or manager must remember about it and control his or her emotions. The knowledge about this phenomenon is also essential for anyone as we all meet new people and we have to build a correct and fair image not falling to a lie of first impression.

Chapter 12: Panic disorder -

Panic disorder features repeated panic attacks and fear of them happening in future and associates with imminent threats which differs it from an anxiety.

Chapter 13: Treating anxiety disorders -

Usually these disorders are treated using medications and cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques. The last has an advantage over medicine as it has no side effects and uses the natural resources of the organism to fix the metabolism of the brain, However, the therapy is long and if actions are needed to be taken immediately, medication is essential.


Asnaani, A., Gutner, C., Hinton, D., & Hofmann, S. (2009). Panic Disorder, Panic Attacks and Panic Attack Symptoms across Race-Ethnic Groups: Results of the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics, 15(3), 249-254. doi:10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00092.x

Bakken, J., & Simpson, C. (2011). Mnemonic Strategies: Success for the Young-Adult Learner. The Journal Of …

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