Quality of Life in Dementia essay sample

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Quality of Life in Dementia

Abstract

Dementia is a complex neurological syndrome which is characterized by the deterioration of cognitive functions. Elderly people are highly susceptible to this type of disease. Despite of the great variety of approaches to treat patients with dementia, quality of life is the primary and most important indicator that applies to them.

The present paper examines how quality of life (QoL) is perceived by patients with dementia treated in different settings and their caregivers, factors that shape QoL, and approaches that increase QoL in the given category of patients.Quality of Life in DementiaA 1. Kada, S. (2013). Quality of life of nursing home residents: A comparative study of persons with and without dementia in regular units, and persons with dementia in different care settings.

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research, 02(03),1-5.A 2. Kada, S. (2013).

Quality of life of nursing home residents: A comparative study of persons with and without dementia in regular units, and persons with dementia in different care settings.

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research, 02(03), 1-5.A 2.

Background/Introduction

The increase in the prevalence of dementia in society suggests that more attention should be paid to quality of life for people living with the disease.
A 2. Review of the LiteratureKada’s (2013) relies on 24 peer-reviewed studies published within the last 17 years.
A 2. Discussion of the MethodologyThe study relied on a mixed method research approach. The scientist used survey method to collect quantitative data. Qualitative data were collected through interviews with nursing home residents.
A 2. Data AnalysisKada (2013) used Cronbach’s alpha to assess the internal consistency reliability of the adapted quality of life (QoL) questionnaire.
A 2. Researcher’s Conclusion

1. There is no significant difference between QoL-AD score between residents with and without dementia in regular units.
2. There is no significant difference between QoL-AD score between residents with dementia in different care settings.
3. There is a significant difference between QoL-AD score between residents with different marital status.
A 3. Research of Kada (2013) aimed at identifying whether residents of the regular units with dementia had lower QoL when compared to those without dementia, and whether residents of the special care unit with dementia had higher quality of life compared to individuals with the same condition hosted at a regular unit. This would give supportive evidence for the hypothesis that quality of life of residents in special care units was better compared those in the regular units. However, results of the study showed no significant difference between the perceived QoL in the studied groups. Evidently, perceived QoL depends on factors other than settings where patients with dementia receive treatment. The findings suggested by Kada (2013) need further verification given a number of limitations involved in the research design.

Firstly, the non-randomised one-time survey did not consider the duration of stay in the nursing home or the presence of concomitant diseases, factors that are considered to shape the perception of QoL in patients with dementia. Secondly, …

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