Short Stories and Article Summaries
Part 1. The problems of ethnical identity as well as the problem of making individual decisions are represented in the short story El Patron by Nash Candelaria. The story goes about the young man Tito who refuses to sign the draft and the reaction of his father to this manifestation of disobedience. There are two main issues the author researchers in this work. The first issue is the son’s disobedience that causes anger of his father. Tito demonstrates that he is old enough to make his own decision and not to follow his father’s desires blindly. This irritates Senor Martinez but closer to the end of the story it becomes clear that this disobedience is just one more circle of the family history because Senor Martinez also angered his own father when he made a difficult decision of leaving his motherland and immigrating to the USA.
In this story family history is closely connected with the history of the state. Tito explains his decision by the need to influence the future of the state he is going to live in. He says “I have just to take a stand along with thousands of others. In the past old men started wars in which young men died in order to preserve old men’s comfort. It just has to stop” (Candelaria 47). Tito refuses to go to war not because of the fear for his life but because he understands that it will bring nothing except new useless deaths. For Tito history becomes the background that helps him to understand many social and political problems. He understands well enough that the war will hardly improve the life of immigrants and prefers to strike. As a result, Tito becomes the embodiment of the conflict between the Mexican-American ideology that dictates obedience and the ideology of the USA dictating the freedom of the personal choice. Tito keeps to the second ideology and opposes the decision that violates his inner freedom.
Part 2. In his article My Turn: Somewhere for Everyone John Grisham very clearly expresses the idea that homelessness is one of the most urgent problems modern America has to face. According to the author nothing is done to solve this problem because the government chooses the strategy of relocation and criminalizing of the homeless people and general public prefers not to notice them. The author also claims that it is not the fault of the homeless that they are substance abused and are inclined to commit crimes. Grisham argues that this is their strategy of survival because to live in the conditions they face every day is simply impossible. The author presents his arguments very emphatically and they are well grounded. He shares his own experience of facing the homeless and it makes the text especially moving. He depicts awful pictures of dozens of people packed in small shelters, hungry children and desperate mothers. In the end of the article the author uses rhetorical questions. He asks …