The Most Important Effect of Stress
In the ordinary life, people often experience stress situations. The increase speed of life makes us be in hurry constantly. We have to earn money for living and have little time for the rest. We face stressful events while having problems with families, work, or study. In our work we will discuss how stress affects people’s psychological and physical stress. Thesis: The stress influences the development of psychological disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity, diabetes, diseases of endocrine system, and progression of AIDS.
First of all, stress affects the development of different psychological disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorders. The problem is that stress influences negatively people’s emotional state. People may feel irritation, sense of helplessness, sadness, tension, fear, and anger (Bressert, 2015). It may cause sleep disturbance, aggression towards the other people, frustration, apathy, or jumpiness (ODonovan, Doody, Lyons, 2013, p.930). The longer a person experiences stress situations, the more harmful effect they have. Thus, it is proved that chronic stress leads brain changes. As a result, a gene neuritin is blocked (Telis, 2012). Neuritin usually protects the brain from disorders (Telis, 2012). When it is blocked, there is more probability that a person will suffer from psychological disorders. The researchers found out that 80% of people who suffered from depression during three –six months period, had had stressful life events (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). They also proved that stress caused depression in 20- 25 cases of 100 (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). Stress has a great influence on people’s physical health. It causes the development of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity, diabetes, diseases of endocrine system, and even progression of AIDs.
First of all, the study of the healthy people and patients with cardiac diseases showed that stress fostered myocardial ischemia and activated “inflammatory and coagulator mechanisms” (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). Then, the experiments conducted in animals proved that stress impacted the growth and metastasis of tumors (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). The researchers also noticed that stress led to pathogenic processes in cancer. It affected antiviral defenses, DNA repair, and cellular aging (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). Besides, stress often makes people have unhealthy diet, do fewer exercises, and addict to alcohol or drugs. It leads to obesity and diabetes type
Moreover, problems with nervous system cause problems with the endocrine system (Herbert, Cohen, 1994). Finally, HIV-positive people who experience stress have great risk of progressing to AIDS (50%) (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). It can be explained by the fact that negative emotions affect a person’s immune system. Thus, depressed and anxious mood state reduces the “white blood cell function” (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, Miller, 2007, p.1686). The negative impact of stress on people’s cognitive and emotional state affects their performance, since people have difficulties with concentration and memory and they worry constantly (Bressert, 2015). What is more, stress influences individuals’ behavior negatively. It may cause the conflicts with family, friends, and colleagues (Bressert, 2015). People begin to pay less attention …